IFP is a premier forestry research organization which was created in the year 1993 after merger of four centrally sponsored schemes with the objectives to formulate, organize, direct, manage & carryout forestry research & education in eastern region of the country, encompassing a forest area of approximately 46,581 square kilo meter which is 17% of the total geographical area of the country, comprising an operational area of six agro-ecological zones and eight main forest types, it encompasses the picturesque eastern Himalayas in North Bengal, the fertile alluvial expanse of indo-gangetic plains in Bihar and West Bengal, deltaic and coastal mangroves of the world famous Sunderbans, a pocket of Terai Sal forest in the north west corner of Bihar and tropical deciduous forests of Kaimur and Chotanagpur plateau overlaying rich and enticing mineral resources within its jurisdiction. The Institute caters to the forestry research needs of eastern India.
A. Administrative Building & Campus:
The administrative building of the Institute is located at Lalgutwa on Ranchi – Gumla National Highway 23. The Institute also functions as one of the Study Centre of FRI University for M.Sc. student and Ph.D. scholars. The Institute is equipped with Library, IT cell, Video conferencing facility and Molecular biology laboratory.
B. Research & Extension Centres:
- Forest Research Centre, Mandar, Ranchi (Jharkhand) – It is well equipped with tissue culture lab., soil testing & biochemistry laboratories; modern nursery facilities with mist chambers, model nursery and composting units; seed processing, packaging & storage unit. Apart from vast experimental area for provenance / progeny trials and demonstration plantations spread over an area of 24.32 ha.
- Environmental Research Station, Sukna, Darjeeling (West Bengal) – The centre is well equipped for different data recording facility in selected watersheds. The Meteorological station and observatories at Sonada and Sukna is having Hydro-meteorological recording facilities in Darjeeling district of West Bengal. The centre has also developed a herbal garden and propagation centre for production of QPMs of medicinal plants and creating awareness for end users.
- Forest Research & Extension Centre, Patna – The centre has established for providing technology & services to the Environment & Forest Department, Govt. of Bihar for implementation of Agro-forestry component of “Integrated Community Based Forest Management Project in Bihar” funded by Planning Commission, GoI under the Special Plan for Bihar Components of Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojona. Agroforestry component is being implemented by the Institute. In phase I project is being implemented in Vaishali district with plantation target of 76 lacs Poplar has been selected as major species.
C. Research Plots:-
Three research plots viz., (i) Mandar, Ranchi (Jharkhand) covering an area of 16.64 ha. (ii) Netaipur, Midnapore (West Bengal) in 60.00 ha. and (iii) Udai Singh Jote, Darjeeling, (West Bengal) in 6.42 ha. are being maintained for the purpose of field research, demonstration and extension.
D. Nucleus Brood Lac Farms: The Institute has three N.B. Farms –
- wo Kusumi Farms located at Hesadih, Ranchi (Jharkhand) and Chakidi, Mayurbhanj (Orissa) covering an area of 127 ha. and (ii) One Rangeeni Farm located at Chandwa, Latehar (Jharkhand) in 17 ha. are being maintained for production of quality broodlac and extension of lac cultivation practices by scientific methods.
2. MAJOR OBJECTIVES
- To steer, undertake and coordinate research, development and extension in forestry sector in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
- To enhance the productivity of floral and faunal resources, conservation of biodiversity, eco-restoration of degraded lands and protection of fragile ecosystem unique to the region.
- To develop and maintain information on forestry and allied sciences.
- To act as a clearing-house for region specific research and general information relating to forests and wildlife.
- To undertake research and demonstration of agro-forestry models .
- To establish model nursery, germplasm bank and identify suitable seed production areas for improving forest productivity.
- To develop extension programmes and propagate the research results from lab to land.
- To provide consultancy services in the field of forestry research, training and in allied sciences.
- To develop and extend Lac cultivation and dissemination of market data on lac production in the country.
- To carryout the related activities considered necessary to attain the above activities.
3. THRUST AREA
The ICFRE Thrust Area and Themes:-
- Biodiversity conservation and ecological security.
- Managing Forest and Forest Products for Livelihood support.
- Forestry interventions for climate change mitigation and adaptation.
- Management and improvement of Forest Genetics Resources.
‘CORE COMPETENCY’ OF THE INSTITUTE:
- Forestry in fertile plains in the eastern part of India comprising Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Orissa.
- Research on the dynamics of tree growth for superior yield in important forestry species of the region
- Engagement in the development of micro and macro propagation protocols for important tree species, bamboos, medicinal plants and oil yielding trees
- Studies on development of propagation techniques and agro-silvicultural system for cultivation of important medicinal plants
- Conservation of biological waste including forest litters into compost and vermicompost to ameliorate degraded areas
- Improvement production of non wood forest products, specially lac and bio fuel
- Development of agroforestry models
To take up the role of Research & Development in the core of the bio-physical natural systems – linked with the forestry and allied sectors to address the main problems borne and accentuated by the aforesaid features with region specific characteristics, the Institute has taken up a number of research and training programmes for the benefit of different stakeholders and user agencies, NGOs., Research Organizations, States of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and the public at large.
6. RESARCH & DEVLOPMENT
- Consultancy and training
- Soil Testing
- Insect and Disease control measures
- Research input on tree improvement activities to SFD’s
- Monitoring & Evaluation
- Resource conservation
- Productivity enhancement of existing forests and plantations through improvement of planting stock and biotechnological interventions.
- Eco-restoration of stress sites and degraded soils.
- Conservation of biological diversity including mangroves, medicinal plants and bamboos.
- Integrated disease and insect pest management.
- Development of agroforestry models.
- Improved production of Non Wood Forest Products, especially Lac and bio fuel.
- Macro propagation of bamboos,
- Micro propagation techniques of important forestry species.
- Laboratory analysis of soil and treatment for deficiencies.
- Improved technique for lac cultivation.
- Recycling of organic wastes by composting / vermi composting.
- Production of quality planting materials in hi-tech nurseries using root trainers.
- Bio-reclamation of problem soils and mined overburdens.
- Propagation techniques of selected medicinal plants.
- Macro propagation of bamboos,
- Biofertilizer application for growth enhancement of different species in nursery and field.
- Soil testing technology
- Seed testing technology
- Agro forestry models
- Cultivation of medicinal plants
- Tissue culture of bamboos
- Techniques for afforestation at stress sites
- Rehabilitation and eco-restoration of mined out lands and overburden spoils
- Modern nursery technology
7. TRAINING & EXTENSION ACTIVITES
The institute has been conducting classroom as well as field trainings to a number of target groups consisting ACFs, FROs & FGs from SFD, Jharkhand, FPC members from SFD, Chattisgarh, SHG members from South West Bengal and NGOs/ villagers from different states on various topics related to
- Planting Stock Improvement Technologies
- Improved Methods of Lac Cultivation
- Bamboo Propagation
- Reclamation of Stress Site through Tree Plantations
- Techniques and applications of plant molecular biology
- Tissue Culture Techniques & their application in Forestry
- Cultivation techniques and utilization of Medicinal Plants
- Propagation, plantation and utilization of bamboos
- Genetic diversity assessment through Molecular Markers
- Organic Farming
Forestry Extension plays a vital role in linking research with the end users for transfer of technology. Activities under Extension are primarily aimed at motivating and educating the people on the role of forests and their conservation; development and management of community land; the need for increasing forest productivity and scientific cultivation of Lac and medicinal plants. Action has been initiated for setting up model villages and Van Vigyan Kendras to demonstrate the tested technologies and adoption by target groups.
8. PROJECT FORMULATION METHODOLOGY
The Institute takes measures to involve state forest department of the area of jurisdiction, progressive farmers, NGOs and other stakeholders in formulation of the research projects and its implementation. Stakeholder Meets are conducted at each states forest department headquarters in each calendar year during June to August before conceptualization of the research projects. The concept paper of research projects are prepare by the Scientists and submitted to the known person in the field and requesting to comments as referee. All the new research projects taken during the year are placed before the Research Advisory Group during September – December. Research Advisory Group consists of forest officers, eminent scientists, NGOs, progressive farmers, representative of forest based industries, etc. All the new projects are given marking. Ongoing research projects are also evaluated by the Research Advisory Group. All the approved RAG projects are placed before the RPC after incorporating the comments of the RAG/ Independent referees. The RPC finally sanctions the projects at national level which is held at ICFRE HQ in February.
9. GRIEVANCES MECHANISM AND TIME FRAME FOR DISPOSAL
Sri Rameshwar Das, IFS of IFP, Ranchi functions as Head Grievances Cell in order to ensure speedy redressal of grievances. The public can meet him on any working days with regard to their complain and grievances. The public can send their grievances to : email@example.com.